(2 each of the following species - 10 seedlings total - No Substitutions)
American Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis) This deciduous shrub reaches a mature height and spread of 5-12 ft. and has white blooms from June to July. It grows in medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It tolerates a wide range of soils, but prefers moist, humusy ones. Elderberry spreads by root suckers to form colonies. Fruits are attractive to wildlife and are sometimes used to make jams, jellies, pie fillings, and wine. Attracts birds and butterflies.
Butternut (Juglans cinerea) Also known as white walnut, this slow growing tree reaches a mature height of 60 ft. and spread of 50 ft. Butternut prefers deep, moist, rich, well-drained soils under sunny conditions, especially the bottomlands of rivers and creeks. The butternut is a sweet and very oily nut and are ideal for topping desserts and salads. Male and female flowers of Butternut occur on the same tree.
Hazelnut (Corylus americana) This nut-producing shrub grows to a height of 15-18 ft. and a spread of 10-12 ft. at maturity with a medium to fast growth rate. It takes on a multi-stemmed form with an open, often wide-spreading base. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub - a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The hazelnut grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, or clay soils and is drought-tolerant. Should be planted in multiples (2 or 3) to ensure cross-pollination. Nuts are preferred by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, grouse, quail, and jays. Hazels nuts can be eaten fresh or roasted as well us used in both sweet and savory dishes.
PawPaw (Asimina Triloba) This small tree can form small colonies under natural conditions. Grows to both a height and spread of 15-20 ft. Leaves turn from dark green in summer to yellow in fall. Flavor and fleshy consistency of the large, sweet-flavored, edible fruits resembles bananas and can be eaten fresh or used in a variety of dishes. This fruit is also consumed by a variety of animals. Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade but prefers moist, fertile soil and full sun.
Persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) The persimmon is quite adaptable to a variety of soil, moisture, and polluted conditions. It prefers moist, well-drained, average soils of various pH's, but easily adapts to poor, rocky, clay, sandy, or even organic soils of dry or moist constitution. It will not tolerate wet sites and needs full sun to partial sun. A slow to medium growing tree, it can reach a mature height of 50 ft. and spread of 30 ft. Persimmon is primarily a dioecious species, having male and female flowers on separate trees. This tree produces a yellow flower in late spring and early summer. Persimmons are often pureed or baked into goods, but they’re also delicious raw.