Hard Mast Packet
(4 each of the following species - 20 seedlings total - No Substitutions)
American Chestnut (Castanea dentata) A broadleaf species, leaves are 6-8 inches long. In autumn, large spiny burs produce 1-5 nuts. Minimum seed-bearing age is 4 years. Commonly found on hill slopes in gravelly or rocky, well-drained soils. Rapid growing trees that can reach 60-100 ft. at maturity. These seedlings are secured from the West Virginia State Nursery and are considered pure American Chestnut. This cultivar has shown a resistance to chestnut blight but it is too soon to claim resistance.
Hazelnut (Corylus americana) This nut-producing shrub grows to a height of 15-18 ft. and a spread of 10-12 ft. at maturity with a medium to fast growth rate. It takes on a multi-stemmed form with an open, often wide-spreading base. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub - a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The hazelnut grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well drained, and clay soils and is drought-tolerant. Should be planted in multiples (2 or 3) to ensure cross-pollination. Nuts are preferred by squirrels, deer, turkey, woodpeckers, pheasants, grouse, quail, and jays.
Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra) Tall, relatively fast growing tree that can reach 80+ ft. at maturity. Leaves are shiny green in summer and bright red in fall. Makes an excellent tree for street or yard. Prefers full sun and acidic soil. It has a commercial value for furniture and lumber. Yields acorns that are round and ¾–1 inch long with a flat, thick, saucer-like cap. Acorns from this tree are at the top of the food preference list for blue jays, wild turkeys, squirrels, small rodents, whitetail deer, raccoons and black bears. Deer also browse the buds and twigs in wintertime.
Shellbark Hickory (Carya laciniosa) This slow growing, long living tree grows to a mature height of 60-80 ft. and spread of 40 ft. and does best in full sun locations. It grows in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, wet, and clay soils and is drought-tolerant. More than one seedling should be planted for best results. Shellbark leaves are eaten by deer and other browsers while the nuts are consumed by deer, bears, foxes, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, wild turkey, and other animals. It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. This species played a role in forging our nation as its tough, shock-resistant wood was used to make gunstocks, ramrods, and tool handles while it also provided food and dozens of useful products and medicines.
White Oak (Quercus alba) A large, broadleaf tree growing to 100+ ft. at maturity. This species is shade tolerant, found on a variety of sites, and grows best in deep, sandy loam soil on south and west facing slopes. A great species for wildlife. Yields acorns that are up to 1 inch long with a warty cap that covers about ¼ of the nut. The acorns are one of the best sources of food for wildlife and are gathered, hoarded and eaten by birds, hoofed browsers, and rodents. Leaf buds also are eaten by several bird species and all parts of the tree are a favorite food for deer.